Argentina is the second-largest in South America and the eighth-largest in the . It is located between the Andes mountain range in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east and south. It is by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast, and Chile in the west and south. It is at the southernmost of the American Continent. Argentina is 3,700 km long from north to south, and 1,400 km from east to west.
At present, the total of the country is 36,1 million of inhabitants and it is made up of 23 provinces and of the Federal Capital City which is set up in the city of Buenos Aires. Spanish is the language.
Argentine culture has been influenced by its European roots. Buenos Aires is the most European city in South America and considered by many its cultural capital, both to the prevalence of people of European descent and to conscious imitation.
Argentina has a rich history of world- literature, including one of 20th century's most critically acclaimed writers, Jorge Luis Borges.
Argentine food is by cuisine from Spain, Italy, Germany, France and other European countries. Argentina has a wide variety of food, which include empanadas, a stuffed pastry; locro, a mixture of corn, beans, meat, bacon, onion, and gourd; and chorizo, a meat-based spicy sausage. The Argentine barbecue, asado, is one of the famous in the world and includes various types of meats, among them chorizo, sweetbread, chitterlings, and blood sausage. A common custom Argentines is drinking mate.
Football is the most popular sport, although the sport of the country is pato. Argentina also has a number of highly-ranked polo players.
Argentine culture is exemplified by its music and dance, tango. In modern Argentina, tango music is enjoyed, particularly since Ástor Piazzolla redefined the music of Carlos Gardel.
the 1970s, rock and roll has been widely popular in Argentina. Rock and roll and pop music have experienced bursts of popularity, with many new bands ( as Soda Stereo) and composers becoming important referents of national culture. Argentine rock is the most listened-to music among teenagers and young people.