English Exercises > general vocabulary exercises > Crime and Punishment - The Justice System
 
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Crossword Puzzle
1 2
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3 2 4
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7 4 8
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9 6
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          Across

  1. to decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime
  2. proof that someone was not where a crime happened and therefore could not have done it
  3. a person who tells a court of law what they know about a legal case
  4. to state in a court of law whether you are guilty of a crime or not
  5. a group of people who examine all the facts of a case in court and decide whether someone is guilty or not
  6. a place where trials and other legal cases happen, or the people there who decide whether someone is guilty
  7. a person in a law case who is accused of doing something illegal
  8. a period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison
          Down
  1. an official statement made by the police saying that someone is accused of a crime
  2. the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent
  3. a sum of money given to a law court so that someone can stay out of prison until their trial
  4. a case that a person or organization brings to a court of law to be decided
  5. an official decision made in a court of law, especially about whether someone is guilty of a crime
  6. to make a legal claim for money against a person or organization because they have harmed you
  7. a public official who makes decisions in a court of law
  8. responsible for committing a crime
  9. an amount of money that has to be paid as a punishment for breaking the law

                     
Matching exercise
 
Match the words on the left with the definitions on the right. Put the correct letter into the box next to each word.
   
1
prosecution (n)
a
a public official who makes decisions in a court of law
2
release (v)  
 
b
a group of people who examine all the facts of a case in court and decide whether someone is guilty or not
3
plead (v)
 
c
the lawyers who try to prove in a court of law that someone is not guilty of a crime
4
verdict (n)
 
d
the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent
5
witness (n)
 
e
an official decision made in a court of law, especially about whether someone is guilty of a crime
6
jury (n)
 
f
a person who tells a court of law what they know about a legal case
7
sentence (v)
 
g
a person in a law case who is accused of doing something illegal
8
defence (n)
 
h
a formal statement saying that something is true, especially one given in a court of law
9
bail (n)
 
i
an official statement made by the police saying that someone is accused of a crime
10
trial (n)
 
j
the lawyers who try to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime
11
judge (n)
 
k
to state in a court of law whether you are guilty of a crime or not
12
defendant (n)
 
l
to decide and say officially what someone’s punishment will be
13
guilty (adj)
 
m
to let someone go free
14
charge (n)
 
n
responsible for committing a crime
15
testimony (n)
 
o
a sum of money given to a law court so that someone can stay out of prison until their trial
               
 
Cloze exercise
 
Read the following text carefully and complete each gap with a word from the previous (matching) exercise in the correct form.
 

Criminal trial process

The process of a criminal  starts when an individual is arrested. Within 2 to 48 hours of the arrest, the defendant must be informed of the charges against him. If the  is not murder, bail will be set. The  will then be notified of when and where to appear next, then will be allowed to leave if  has been set. If the defendant does not  guilty, and instead states he is not , the case will move onto the trial phase. First a jury is selected and the opening statements are heard. Next, the  and the defence will call their witnesses to give . The witnesses for the prosecution are called first. The  is permitted to cross-examine each  in an attempt to disprove the witness’s statements. After both sides have presented their evidence, the attorneys are given the opportunity to make a final argument to the jury. At this point, the  will give closing instructions to the jury on how to proceed. The  then retires from the courtroom to consider the case in secret. When they reach a decision, the jury returns to the courtroom and announces the . If the verdict is not guilty, the defendant is . If he is found guilty, the judge will decide upon a  that the defendant must serve.
 
 
                              
 
                                                                     

 

       


 

 

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