English Exercises > modals exercises > SHOULD, OUGHT TO, HAD BETTER Expressing Advice. (Author-Bouabdellah)
 
   
      


 
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 Technicum Si-Tarek of Relizane

 Third Year Pupils - Scientific Streams

  Reference sheet – 04

 Expressing Advice
 
Read the explanation on the right then decide wether the example is right or wrong. Put a tick when you think it is correct.
 

I - Expressing advice: SHOULD and OUGHT TO

C  USE: Should and ought to have the same meaning. They mean: “This is a good idea. This is good advice."

 

A - Right or Wrong?

My clothes are dirty …

a-I should / ought to wash them.

b-I should to wash them.

c-I ought washing them.

? FORMS:

@ POSITIVE

should + simple form of a verb (no to)

ought + to + simple form of a verb

B - Right or Wrong?

You need your sleep.

a-You should not (shouldn't) stay up late.

b- You should  (shouldn't) stay not up late.

c-You ought to not stay up late.

d-You ought to not stay up late.

 

@ NEGATIVE:

should + not = shouldn't
(Ought to is usually not used in the negative.)

C - Right or Wrong?

a-Bob: I'm going to be late. What should do I ?

   Tom: Run

b-Bob: I'm going to be late. What should I do?

   Tom: Run

 

@ QUESTION:

should + subject + main verb
(Ought to is usually not used in questions.)

D - Right or Wrong?

1-

a-Bob: I'm tired today.

    Tom: You should take a nap./You ought to take a nap.

b-Bob: I'm tired today.

    Tom: You should to take a nap./You ought take a nap.

 

2-

a-Bob: I'm tired today.

  Tom: Maybe you should take a nap./Maybe you ought to take a nap.

b-Bob: I'm tired today.

 Tom: You should Maybe take a nap./You ought to Maybe take a nap.

 

The use of ‘maybe’ with ‘should’ and ‘ought to’ softens the advice.

 

compare:

 

In (1): Tom is giving definite advice. He is stating clearly that he believes going home for a nap is a good idea and is the solution to Bob's problem.

 

In (2): Tom is making a suggestion: taking a nap is one possible way to solve Bob's problem.

II - Expressing advice: HAD BETTER

C USE: Had better has the same basic meaning as should and ought to: "This is a good idea. This is good advice."

Had better usually implies a warning about possible bad consequences.

 

In (B): If you don't slow down, there could be a bad result. You could get a speeding ticket or have an accident.

 

A - Right or Wrong?

My clothes are dirty …

a-I had better wash them.

b-I had better to wash them.

B - Right or Wrong?

You're driving too fast!

a-You'd better slow down.

b-You'd better slowing down.

C - Right or Wrong?

a-You had not better eat that meat. It looks spoiled.

b-You had better not eat that meat. It looks spoiled.

 D - Right or Wrong?

a-I'ed better send my boss an e-mail right away.

b-I'd better send my boss an e-mail right away.

? FORMS:

@ POSITIVE

had better + simple form of a verb (no to)

 

@ NEGATIVE: had better not è (C)

 

@ QUESTION: had better is usually not used in questions.

 

 

In speaking, had is usually contracted: 'd. è (D)

 

þ EXERCISE 01. Expressing advice: SHOULD and OUGHT TO.

O Directions: What do you advice Mary?

 

Ø EXAMPLE Mary:  I'm sleepy. You:  You should / ought to drink a cup of tea.

 

                       1)      I'm hungry. You should something.

                       2)      I'm cold. You ought to coat.

                       3)      I have a toothache. You should dentist.

                       4)      I have the hiccups. What should I do? You ought to breathing.

                       5)      I left my sunglasses at a restaurant yesterday. What should I do? You should immediately. Do you know the number.

                       6)      I'm hot. You ought to fresh.

                       7)      I have a headache. You should  aspirin.

                       8)      Someone stole my bicycle. What should I do?  You ought to police.

                       9)      I bought a pair of pants that don't fit. They're too long. You should tailors’ to get them shortened.

                 10)      I always make a lot of spelling mistakes when I write. I don't know what to do about it. What do you suggest? You ought to dictionary.

 

þ EXERCISE 02. Expressing advice: HAD BETTER.

O Directions: In the following, the speaker chooses to use had better- What are some possible bad consequences N the speaker might be thinking of?

 
      Ø EXAMPLE:    The movie starts in ten minutes. We'd better hurry.

   N Possible bad consequences: We'll be late if we don't hurry.

 

1.   You can't wear shorts and a T-shirt to a job interview! You'd better change clothes before you go.

N Possible bad consequences: 

2.   I can't find my credit card. I have no idea where it is. I guess I'd better call the credit card company.

N Possible bad consequences: 

3.   A: My ankle really hurts. I think I sprained it.

      B: You'd better put some ice on it right away.

N Possible bad consequences:

4.   You shouldn't leave your car unlocked in the middle of the city. You'd better lock it before we go into the restaurant.

N Possible bad consequences:

 

þ EXERCISE 03. Expressing advice: SHOULD, OUGHT TO, and HAD BETTER.

O Directions: Spot the mistake then rewrite the sentence correctly.

 

1. You will better not be late.

2. Anna shouldn't wears shorts into the restaurant. Anna shouldn't wear shorts into the restaurant.

3. I should to go to the post office today.

4. I ought paying my bills today.

5. You'd had better to call the doctor today.

6. You don't should stay up too late tonight.

7. You'd to better not leaving your key in the door.

8. Mr. Nguyen has a large family and a small apartment.

           He ought found a new apartment.
 

 

       

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