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PET REVIEW

Read the text below and choose the correct word for each space.

 
James Cook
 
James Cook sailed around the world in the late 18th century and   famous as an explorer.
He first went to sea in 1746. Eleven years later, he  the navy. He was a very good sailor and  was not long before he was given his own ship.
 
In 1768, the Royal Society  a scientific voyage to Tahiti. Cook was asked to command the ship, Endeavour, and to take a group of scientists  board. The voyage lasted three years. Cook made  that his sailors ate fresh fruit. In this way, he was able to  them from the terrible illnesses  by a bad diet.
 
Cook was the first European to draw maps of New Zealand and to  Australia. He also sailed to Antarctica and drew maps of the Pacific and its  islands. In 1779, he died  a fight in Hawaii.
 
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For each question below, complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use no more than 3 words.
 
1. The new shopping centre has been open for a week.
    The new shopping centre  a week ago.
 
2. We spent half an hour driving to the centre.
    It took us half an hour  to the centre.
 
3. The car park had five lifts.
    There  in the car park.
 
4. The first shop was so big that we got lost in it.
    We got lost in the first shop  it was so big.
 
5. It was 4:30 when we left the centre.
    We didn't leavethe centre  4:30.
 
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Look at the text in each question. What does it say?
 
 
1. REGENCY CAMERAS: buy two films and get one FREE.
 
2. Only books already paid for can be taken into the bookshop café.
 
3. CENTRAL GYM: 15-minute limit on the use of equipment at busy times.
 
4. From 3 January the 22 bus service will operate along Regent Street. 7-10 am only.
 
5. BARTON COLLEGE: To reduce electricity costs, please turn off all fans before leaving rooms.
 
6. Handle with care - breakable good inside parcel.
 
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Read the text carefully and then answer the questions below:
 

The western alphabet

The western alphabet, which is used in Europe, the Americas, Africa, Australia and New Zealand as well as in other countries, originated in the middle east. The people who gave the world this alphabet were the Phoneacians, a people who established colonies all over the Mediterranean, including Carthage in Africa and Gades in Spain. In their alphabet, the letters were represented by little pictures which represented sounds.The Phoneacian A was aelph, which means "bull". and it was made from a little picture of a bull's head. The letter B was beth which meant "house", and showed the round-roofed buildings which you can still see today in Syria.

The Phoneacians had contact with another nation of sailors, the Greeks, with whom they fought and traded. The Greeks also started to use the Phoneacian alphabet. They changed the names so aelph and beth became alpha and beta. The shapes of the letters are the same but they have been turned sideways. If you know any Greek, you can try turning the letters around again, and see how they look. You will see that the curve on the right of the Greek A becomes the horns of a little bull.

Of course, the first two letters of the alphabet give it its name. Over the years there have been changes. Latin developed an alphabet with some different letters to the Greeks, and other letters have been added since. But really westerners are using the same system of writing which has served them so well for thousands of years.

 
1. What is the purpose of this text?
To tell something of Phoneacian history.
To tell the story of why we write as we do.
To compare the western alphabet with other alphabets.
To describe the history of the Greek alphabet.
 
2. Which change did the Greeks make to the Phoneacian alphabet?
They changed the pictures to sounds.
They turned the letters in a different direction.
They altered the shape of the letters.
They put a curve on the letter A.
 
3. Where did the Phoneacians come from originally?
Carthage.
Gades.
The middle east.
All over the Mediterranean.
 
4. The information in the text is meant to be
Interesting.
Useful.
Funny.
Historic.
 
5. Which picture, according to the text, represents beth?
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
A
B
C
D
 
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