††††††† although††† though†††† even though†† in spite of†† despite
***The linking words although,though,in spite of,despite express the idea of contrast
***A contrast clause needs a main clause to make a complete sentence.
†††††††† although††† though†††† even though††
We use a subject + verb after these conjunctions
†††††††††† † in spite of†† despite
We use Use ďin spite ofĒ and despite† before a noun,pronoun , noun phrase† or Ėing form of a verb:
†1)She knew how to cook.She said† she didnít.
2)Suzy arrived two hours late.She didnít apologise.
3)Alan doesnít need any money. He still works.
4)My uncle had money.He didnít buy the kids ice-creams.
In spite of††
5)Sam had an accident due to alcohol.He didnít give up his habit.
6)Ana needed help.She didnít ask† for any.
7)Gloria failed all her exams.She has no intention to study.
8)It was 3 am.The girls went on chattering.
9)Abdel had fallen off his bike twice.He won the race.
†10)Mehmet was blind.He finished university in the first place.