English Exercises > passive voice exercises

Passive voice

Interactive worksheets:

Present simple and past simple passive voice worksheet preview
Present simple and past simple passive voice
Pacchy

Passive voice present and past worksheet preview
Passive voice present and past
danimar

My wallet was stolen worksheet preview
My wallet was stolen
mada_1

Passive voice worksheet preview
Passive voice
mada_1

PASSIVE VOICE TEST worksheet preview
PASSIVE VOICE TEST
borisguerra

Discover all them in liveworksheets.com



Downloadable worksheets:
Introducing the "Passive Voice" (1) - Basic rules for Upper elementary and Intermediate students
Level: intermediate
Age: 10-14
Downloads: 5201

 
Active and Passive
Level: intermediate
Age: 10-17
Downloads: 3939

 
PASSIVE VOICE (PRESENT SIMPLE AND PAST SIMPLE)
Level: elementary
Age: 7-17
Downloads: 3697

 
Passive
Level: intermediate
Age: 14-17
Downloads: 3346

 
Passive Voice
Level: intermediate
Age: 14-17
Downloads: 2403

 
The American Dream
Level: advanced
Age: 15-17
Downloads: 14

 

 

Posted Values
Passive Voice
 

Use of Passive

      Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known who or what is performing the action.

         Example: My bike was stolen.

      In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.

      Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than in active voice, as the following example shows:

         Example: A mistake was made.

      In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake.).

Form of Passive

      Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle (3rd column of irregular verbs)

         Example: A letter was written.

      The passive forms of a verb are created by combining a form of the "to be verb" with the past participle of the main verb. The passive can be used, also, in various tenses.
Let's take a look at the passive forms of "design."

Passive Verb Formation

Tense

Subject

Auxiliary in singular

Auxiliary in plural

Past Participle

Present

The car/ cars

is

are

designed.

Present Perfect

The car/ cars

has been

have been

designed.

Past

The car/ cars

was

were

designed.

Past Perfect

The car/ cars

had been

had been

designed.

Future

The car/ cars

will be

will be

designed.

Future Perfect

The car/ cars

will have been

will have been

designed.

Present Progressive

The car/ cars

is beig

are being

designed.

Past Progressive

The car/ cars

was being

were being

designed.

  

      When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:
1. The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
2. The finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle).
3. The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped).

A sentence cast in the passive voice will not always include an agent of the action. For instance if a gorilla crushes a tin can, we could say "The tin can was crushed by the gorilla." But a perfectly good sentence would leave out the gorilla: "The tin can was crushed." Also, when an active sentence with an indirect object is recast in the passive, the indirect object can take on the role of subject in the passive sentence:

Acive

Mother gave John a book.

Passive

A book was given to John by his mother.

Passive

John was given a book.

 

Only transitive verbs (those that take objects) can be transformed into passive constructions. Furthermore, active sentences containing certain verbs cannot be transformed into passive structures. To have is the most important of these verbs. We can say "He has a new car," but we cannot say "A new car is had by him." We can say "Josefina lacked finesse," but we cannot say "Finesse was lacked.

Let’ s do some exercises!

     •      His whole apartment …………. (REDECORATE) this month.
          

       An exam …………… (PREPARE) by my teacher.

      My apartment …………. (CLEAN) thoroughly every day.

      Bob …………. (BELIEVE) to be a very nice person.

      Smoking ……………… (NOT/ALLOW) in churchs and hospitals.

      My dog …………. (HIT) by a car week ago.
 

       I …………… (GIVE) a present only once in my life.

      My cat …………. (FIND) in the park and …………. (BRING) home today morning.
                                        

     •      My work …………. (FINALLY/FINISH) next month.
         

       A final decision ……………. (MAKE) yesterday.

      ………………. (SPEAKING LOUDLY/FORBID) in the church?

      French …………….. (STUDY) by more and more of my friends now.