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Reading Short Texts 04




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Readng Short Text 04
Divorce
 
It has been noted that, traditionally, courts have granted divorces on fault grounds: one spouse
is deemed to be at fault in causing the divorce. More and more today, however, divorces are being
granted on a no-fault basis.
Proponents of no-fault divorce argue that when a marriage fails, it is rarely the case that one
marriage partner is completely to blame and the other blameless. A failed marriage is much more
often the result of mistakes by both partners.
Another argument in favor of no-fault divorce is that proving fault in court, in a public arena, is
a destructive process that only serves to lengthen the divorce process and that dramatically increases
the negative feelings present in a divorce. If a couple can reach a decision to divorce without first
deciding which partner is to blame, the divorce settlement can be negotiated more easily and
equitably and the postdivorce healing process can begin more rapidly.
31. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) Traditional grounds for divorce
(B) Who is at fault in a divorce
 (C) Why np-fault divorces are becoming more common
(D) The various reasons for divorces
 
32. The word "spouse" in line 1 is closest in meaning to a
(A) judge
(B) problem
(C) divorce decree
(D) marriage partner
 
33. According to the passage, no-fault divorces
(A) are on the increase
(B) are the traditional form of divorce
(C) are less popular than they used to be
(D) were granted more in the past
 
34. It is implied in the passage that
(A) there recently has been a decrease in no-fault divorces
(B) not all divorces today are no-fault divorces
(C) a no-fault divorce is not as equitable as a fault divorce
(D) people recover more slowly from a no-fault divorce
 
35.  The word "Proponents" in line 4 is closest in meaning to which of the following? 
(A) Advocates
(B) Recipients 
(C) Authorities 
(D) Enemies
 
36. The passage states that a public trial to prove the fault of one spouse can
(A) be satisfying to the wronged spouse
(B) lead to a shorter divorce process
(C) reduce negative feelings
(D) be a harmful process
 
37. Which of the following is NOT listed in this passage as an argument in favor of no-fault divorce?
(A) Rarely is only one marriage partner to blame for a divorce.
(B) A no-fault divorce generally costs less in legal fees.
(C) Finding fault in a divorce increases negative feelings.
(D) A no-fault divorce settlement is generally easier to negotiate.
 
38. The word "present" in line 9 could most easily be replaced by
(A) existing
(B) giving
(C) introducing
(D) resulting
 
39. The word "settlement" in line 10 is closest in meaning to
(A) development
(B) serenity
(C) discussion
(D) agreement
 
40. The tone of this passage is
(A) emotional
(B) enthusiastic
(C) expository
 (D) reactionary