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6. Vocabulary for Advanced Student




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Vocabulary for Advanced English Exercise 6
 
Confusing words and false friends
 
1. action / activity
The police took immediate  when they realised the situation was getting out of hand.
Economic  stagnated as the recession took hold.
 
2. advice / advise
Can you  me on the best course of action to take?
He offered me some excellent .
 
3. affect / effect
Cuts in spending will have a serious  on the healthcare services.
The strike will seriously  train services.
 
4. appreciable / appreciative
There is an  difference between manslaughter and murder.
She was very of our efforts to help.
 
5. assumption / presumption
They raised taxes on the that it would help control spending.
It's sheer for the government to suggest things have improved since they came to power.
 
6. avoid / prevent
Rapid government reforms managed to  a revolution taking place.
He's always trying to taking a decision if he can help it.
 
7. beside / besides
The office is just the railway station.
their regular daytime job, many people do extra work in the evening.
 
8. briefly / shortly
before the conflict began, the army pulled down the border posts.
The senator spoke about the need for political reform.
 
9. channel / canal
The television received a formal complaint about the program.
The Suez was built in the second half of the nineteenth century.
 
10. conscientious / conscious
Most people are of the need to protect the environment.
workers should be rewarded for their hard work.
 
11. continual / continuous
A trade embargo has badly affected the economic infrastructure.
The computer has given us problems ever since we installed it.
 
12. control / inspect
Environmental health officers regularly kitchens and other food preparation areas.
The government plans to the price of meat to make sure it doesn't go up too much.
 
13. criticism(s) / objection(s)
They didn't raise any when we insisted on inspecting the figures.
The government's plan was met with severe .
 
14. damage / injury / harm
It was a severe which needed immediate hospital treatment.
A lot of was caused to buildings along the coast during the storm.
There's no in taking a break from your job now and then.
 
15. discover / invent
When did he the telephone?
Did Alexander Fleming penicillin?
 
16. during / for / while
Stores were closed the duration of the conflict.
the transition from a dictatorship to democracy, the country experienced severe strikes and riots.
The bomb went off the President was making his speech.
 
17. however / moreover
The plan was good in theory. , in practice it was extremely difficult to implement.
The plan was excellent. , it was clear from the beginning that it was going to be a success.
 
18. considerate / considerable
He made a  amount of money from his dotcom enterprise.
She's a very person, so she would never intentionally upset anyone.
 
19. intolerable / intolerant
I consider his behavior to be quite .
The government is of other political parties.
 
20. job / work
Everybody has the right to a decent with good pay.
Following the recession, many people are still looking for .
 
21. lay(s) / lie(s)
The city of Quito near the equator.
The manager made it clear he intended to down some strict rules.
 
22. look at / watch
We must the situation in Lugumba carefully, and be prepared to act if violence flares again.
We need to the problem carefully and decide if there is anything we can do about it.
 
23. permission / permit
I'm afraid we can't  photography in here.
They received to attend the sessions as long as they didn't interrupt.
 
24. possibility / chance
There is always the that the government will reverse its decision.
If we act now, we have a good of finding a cure for the disease.
 
25. priceless / worthless
paintings by artists like Van Gogh should not be in the hands of private collectors.
As inflation spiraled out of control, paper money suddenly became .
 
26. principal(s) / principle(s)
Many people refuse to eat meat on .
The  of the college is an ardent non-smoker.
The country's products are paper and wood.
Not many people are familiar with the of nuclear physics.
 
27. process / procession
The made its way down the avenue.
Applying for a visa can be a long and frustrating .
 
28. raise / rise
As prices , demand usually drops.
In response to the current oil shortage, most airlines plan to their fares.
 
29. respectable / respectful
The delegates listened in silence as the chairman spoke.
They want to bring up their children in an area which is considered to be .
 
30. treat / cure
Hospitals are so understaffed that they find it almost impossible to patients with minor injuries.
They were unable to the disease, and hundreds died as a result.
 
31. subjective / objective
Your report should be as possible: just present the facts and try to avoid saying what you think about them.
The newspaper article was extremely : the journalist more or less forced his own views and ideas on his readership.
 
32. disinterested / uninterested
In order to end the dispute, we need some impartial advice from a / an third party.
I thought they would enjoy my talk, but they were completely .
 
33. imply / infer
From what you just said, can I that you think I'm interfering?
I didn't mean to  that you were interfering. I merely said that I needed a bit of time to myself.
 
34. complimentary / complementary
In western societies, acupuncture and hypnosis are seen as medicines.
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