English Exercises > relative clauses exercises

Linking sentences with defining relative structures.

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relative clauses
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Relative clauses
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Relative Pronouns(+ Key)
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Age: 9-14
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Linking sentences with defining relative structures:
 
To link two sentences, follow these steps:
 
1. First we need to find which word in the second  sentence refers to an element mentioned in the first one:
 
 The man said it was ten o'clock. We asked him the time.
 
 May is the month. I feel happiest then.
 
2. Then, find which relative pronoun or adverb you need:
WHO /THAT for people;
WHICH  / THAT for things or animals;
WHOSE for a possessive;
WHERE for a place where something happens;
WHEN / THAT for the time when something happens. 
 
In the examples above, 'him' refers to a person, so we should use 'WHO'; 'then' is an adverb of time so we should use 'WHEN.' This relative word must be placed at the beginning of the second sentence, and the word that makes reference to the element in the first sentence must be deleted:
 
who we asked the time.
when I feel happiest. 
 
3. Finally, all the second  sentence must be placed after the element mentioned in the first sentence, in our examples, 'the man' and 'month'
  
The man said it was ten o'clock. We asked him the time.                           May is the  month. I feel happiest then.
   
   The man who we asked the time said it was ten o'clock.                               May is the month when I feel the happiest.
 
 Now link these sentences with WHO, WHICH, WHERE, WHEN and WHOSE. Do NOT use 'THAT' and remember to write a stop at the end of each sentence.
 
1. Mary is the girl. She lives next to my house.
   
 
2. I don't like cars. They are not environmentally friendly.
    
 
3. There is the woman. Her daughter won the championship.
   
 
4.  I hate rainy days. You cannot play in the park then.
   
 
5. The people will stop here for a rest. Their feet are hurting.
   
 
6. This is the room. I study here.
   
 
7. I have forgotten the day. I have to go to the dentist then.
   
 
8. The people were from Cuba. We met them at the party.
   
 
9. She has adopted the cat. She found it in the street.
   
 
10. London is a city. You can find nearly everything there.