1- Read the text below then, answer the following
A burn is damage to the skin caused by wet or dry
heat, chemicals or electricity. Most burns happen at home, and are caused by
scalding water, hot oil and grease, or hot foods. Are you suffering from a
burn? Not sure how best to treat it? Is it serious? This comprehensive guide
will ensure you treat your burns effectively.
Is it a third degree burn?
The mildest burns are known as first-degree
burns. They may be red and tender with some swelling. You can treat these
yourself provided they cover an area no larger than your hand. More
serious injuries may result from fire, steam or chemicals. These
moderate, second-degree burns are red and painful with blistering and
swelling. Severe, third-degree burns don't hurt to
begin with due to nerve damage; the skin is charred or black, white or red.
There is no blistering but serious swelling. Severe burns require urgent
First aid for burns and scalds
Act fast. Even first-degree
burns require medical attention if they cover a large area (bigger than the
size of your hand). Deeper burns and those caused by electricity need emergency
As soon as you can, put the burnt skin under
cold running water if possible (running water stays cold), for at least 20
minutes. If there's no water available, use any other cold , non-irritating
liquid such as milk or iced tea.
Quickly and carefully remove jewelry or clothes that may constrict the area if swelling occurs.
Cover the burn loosely with a temporary dressing of plastic wrap or a
plastic bag (makes sure it's quite pliable and feels comfortable). Put a wet cloth
on top to provide cooling…………..the initial 20 minutes of cold-water treatment.
Take great care not to break any blisters. They are nature's protective coating and
prevent bacteria getting in. If a blister bursts, clean the area and apply some
antiseptic cream before covering with a loose dressing. Leave the burn alone
for at least 24 hours so it can begin to heal on its own.
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