3-The Muslim science and scientists throughout history. (Author-Bouabdellah)
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a married woman
Lycee Si-Tarek of Relizane
Second Year Pupils
Second Term Examinatio
PART ONE : Reading.
Take your time watch this video first.
Now read the following passage carefully then do the tasks below.
In the ninth century the Muslims became the chief standard-
bearers of science and philosophy. of Muslim science lasted for about two centuries, from 900 AD to 1100 AD. The world owes a great depth of gratitude to the Muslim caliphs for their support for learning during this period.
The Muslims made important contributions to mathematics. The most
outstanding work in Arabic in this field was probably the “
” of the Persian
(ninth century). In this treatise the author introduced a striking innovation; the number system that we use today and that we call the “
” (0123456789). Al-Khawarismi also wrote a treatise entitled “
”. In was based to a certain extent on Hindu sources.
The Muslims were greatly interested in astronomy. The caliph Al-Ma’mun built a splendid observatory in Baghdad in the year 829, and his astronomers made regular observations of the heavens. One of them was
(?? - 929) who revised many false notions in Ptolemy’s book “
” which was translated into Arabic.
There were also great physicists among the Muslim scientists.
AbûʿAlî al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham
of Basra (about 965 AD – 1038 AD) is the most famous one. His chief works were the “
Treasury of Optics
” and “
On the Burning Sphere
” in which he worked out the laws of reflection.
2° AS TextBook Pg. 96.
A – Comprehension:
The text is about
1-The most famous Muslim scientist.
2-The origins of mathematics.
3-The Muslim science and scientists throughout history.
In which paragraph is it mentioned that the Muslim leaders encouraged a lot the development of science during the early Islamic history?
This is in § N°
Complete the following table with information from the text.
died in 929
died in 929
Corrected Ptolemy’s book
died in 929
“Treasury of Optics” and “On the Burning Sphere”
Answer the following questions according to the text. (02 pts)
1. What was the period of time when the Muslim science developed called?
It was called the ninth century.
It was called the golden age.
2. Did the Caliph El-Ma’mun help the advance of science? Justify.
Yes, he did.
No, he did not.
Because his astronomers made regular observations of the heavens.
Because he built a splendid observatory in Baghdad in the year 829.
Find in the text words, phrases or expressions that are close in meaning to the following.
1-help (n) §1=
2-study (n) §2=
3-Principal (adj.) §4=
Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense and form.
1-If you (
on your head your blood (
to your head.
2-A -If you (
too much, you (
Complete the following sentences so that they make sense. Use the word in brackets
1-If I pass my exam next year,
2-If I work harder at school,
hick the stressed syllable in the following words.
1.COM-PO-SI-TION 2.A-RITH-ME-TIC 3.PHY-LO-SO-PHY
PART TWO: Writing.
Write a composition on the following situation. (This is to be done on paper and handed to the teacher when asked)
“Some people say that the environment is the air, water, and land on Earth, which can be harmed by man's activities. They also say that Water is getting scarce so we must do our best to preserve it.”
What should be done to preserve that precious and strategic resource?
(Start your composition by talking about the importance of water then use the following points to finish your writing.)
- Build small dams to retain rain water.
- Don’t throw rubbish in the rivers.
- Water is life, don’t waste it.
- Don’t leave the water taps in the home open.
- Repair the leaking taps and pipes.
- Water the garden when necessary.
- Restrain the use of drinking water to a few hours a day when necessary.
- Schools should make the pupils aware of the importance of water. …/…