English Exercises > animals exercises

Sharks

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 SHRKS

VIDEO 1: Great White Sharks
 
  
 
Q. 1  Where do the great white sharks in the documentary come from?
 
        off the coast of South America.
        off the coast of North America.
        off the coast of South Australia.
        off the coast of South Africa.
        off the coast of Japan.
 
Q. 2  Some characteristics about great white sharks:
 
       • Great white sharks can reach  feet in length.
       • They can weigh up to  pounds.
       • They can sprint through the water at speeds up to  miles per hour.
 
            NOTE:     1 foot = 30.48 cm
                           1 pound = 0.454 kg
                           1 mile = 1.609 km
 
       • Great white sharks have great .  
       • They are  like .
       • They love to  things that get their attention.
       • They like to eat humans:     True     False.
       • Great white sharks feel about humans the way most humans feel about lima beans*.
               They are something to eat out of .
                                                                                                                                  lima beans
 
       • Great white sharks  humans for the same reason they  other things like
         or .
Q. 3  Learn about the ampullae of Lorenzini:
 
       The ampullae of Lorenzini are -filled  found all around the shark's 
       (= nose) and . These  are extremely  to . That means
       that anything that gives off the tiniest (= smallest)  has to be , including
       all living  in the sea.
 
Q. 4  Great white sharks like to eat seals. What are seals compared to in the documentary?
 
       Seals are a double  fudge  sundae with   on top!
 

VIDEO 2: Whale Sharks
 
  
 
Q. 1  Learn about some characteristics of the whale shark!
 
       • The whale shark is  shark in the ocean.
       • The whale shark can measure up to  feet long.
       • The whale shark can weigh over  tons.
       • The whale shark is more than  times the size of the great white shark.
       • The whale shark has  teeth but they are  and of little use.
 
Q. 2  What does the whale shark eat to survive?
 
                a dog snapper
 
       The spawning ritual of the dog snappers: At the top of the parade loop, the  lay their
        and the  release their , which leads to whale shark chow (= slang for food).
       The whale shark is what is called a  feeder. As it swims with its huge -foot wide
        open, prey like these dog snapper eggs gets trapped in rakers, while water is expelled right
       back out through the gills. But dog snapper eggs are not the only  these big mouths love to
       eat!

VIDEO 3: Bull Sharks
 
 
There are only 3 sharks that regularly attack humans: the massive great white shark, the tiger shark and
the bull shark.
 
Q. 1  What is the other name given to the bull shark?
 
       The bull shark is also called the  of the seas.
 
Q. 2  Learn about some characteristics of the bull shark!
 
       • The bull shark can be  and .
       • Bull sharks are not as large as the great white but female bull sharks can grow over  feet.
       • Female bull sharks can weigh up to  pounds.
       • Bull sharks also have a very special characteristic: they can go from  to  water with
         no problems. Bulls have been found thousands of miles upstream in both the  and
          rivers.
       • Bull sharks are opportunistic : they'll eat just about anything.

Q. 3  Crittercam is a small package of instruments including a camera that can be attached to a wild
       animal to study its behaviour in the wild. What does the camera reveal about the bull shark?
 
       • The Crittercam reveals at least  in the region, which raises the intriguing possibility
         that these sharks may be .
       • Satellite data also confirmed that the bulls . These animals may be an important part of
         the .
 
Q. 4  People must remember something about bull sharks:
 
       They are more likely to get  by  than  by a .