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Reading Comprehension: The American History of santa Claus

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The first figure of Santa Claus was inspired in the Dutch legend os Sinter Klaas, bought by settlers to New York in the 17th century.
In 1809 the popular author Washington Irving, under the pseudonym Dietrich Knickerbocker gave the
Americans the first detailes description about the Dutch version of Saint Nicholas in his `History of New York´ in which he described the arrival of the saint on horseback each Eve of Saint Nicholas.
The Dutch-American Saint Nicholas achieved his fully form in 1823 in the poem ‘A visit from Saint Nicholas’, best known as `The night before Christmas’. It was written by Clement Clrke Moore and included such details as the name of the reindeer, Santa Claus’s laught, winks and nods, and the method by wich Saint Nicholas, refered to as an elf, returns up the chimney.
But the image of Santa Claus we know appeared in the 1930s. In modern version of the Santa Claus legend, only his toyshop workers were elves. Rudolf, the ninth reindeer, with a red and shiny nose, was invented in 1939 by an advertising writer for the Montgomery Ward Company. Images of Santa Claus were further popularized through Haddon Sundblom's depiction of him for The Coca-Cola Company's Christmas advertising in the 1930s. The popularity of the image spawned urban legends that Santa Claus was in fact invented by Coca-Cola or that Santa wears red and white because they are the Coca-Cola colours, but it mpany wasn’t true.
Ove the years children naturally wanted to know where Santa Claus actually came from. Where did he live when he wasn’t delivering presents? Those questions gave rise to the legend that Santa Claus lived in the North Pole, where his Christmas-gift shop was also located. But in 1925, since grazing reindeer would not be possible at the North Pole, newspapers revealed that Santa Claus in fact lived in Finnish Lapland. In 1927 a Finnish public radio revealed the reat secret: Santa lives on Lapland’s Korvtunturi – ‘Ear Fell’, situated on Finland’s eastern frontier.
Since 1950, Santa has happily sojournied at Napapiiri to meet children and the young at heart. By 1985 he stablished his own Santa Claus office and comes there everyday of the year to hear what children want to Christmas and to talk with children want for Christmas and to talk with children from all over the world. Santa Claus village is Santa’s main Post Office which reeives children’s letters from the four corners of the world.
 
Activities:
1-      Find in the text words which mean:
a)      an invented name 
b)     a quick opening and closing of your eye
c)     an imaginary creature like a small person with pointed ears 
d)     eating grass
 
     2- Answer True or False.
a- Santa Claus was first inspired in Saint Nicholas 
b- In 1809 the image of Saint Nicholas appeared in American literature
c- Saint Nicholas arrives on his reindeer.
d- Saint Nicholas was a man in The Night Before Christmas
e- Coca Cola company created the actual image of Santa Claus
f- Santa Claus lives in Finland