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ENGLAND

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England  

1. Read the text about England and answer the questions below with TRUE or FALSE:
 
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west and the North Sea to the east, with the English Channel to the south separating it from continental Europe. The mainland of England consists of the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain in the North Atlantic, but England also includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

The area now called England has been settled by people of various cultures for about 35,000 years, but it takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in AD 927, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law—the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world—developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation, and its Royal Society laid the foundations of modern experimental science.

Lowlands are common for English terrain, however there are uplands in the north (for example, the Lake District, Pennines, and Yorkshire Moors) and in the south and south west (for example, Dartmoor, the Cotswolds, and the North and South Downs). London, England's capital, is the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. England's population is about 51 million, around 84% of the population of the United Kingdom, and is largely concentrated in London, the South East and conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East and Yorkshire, which developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century.

The Kingdom of England—which after 1284 included Wales—was a sovereign state until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1800, Great Britain was united with Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State was established as a separate dominion, but the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927 reincorporated into the kingdom six Irish counties to officially create the current United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

a) The United Kingdom is formed by England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
 
b) the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight are two of the over 100 islands belonging to England.
 
c)  Various cultures have influenced England over more than 35,000 years.
 
d) The Angles take their name form England.
 
e) The Age of Discovery was important for England to be know all over the world.
 
f) The English Law has been taken from the laws of many other countries.
 
g) The foundations of modern experimental science were laid by the Industrial Revolution.
 
h) Lowlands are more common than uplands in England.
 
i) The 84% of the population concentrates in those industrial regions which developed in the 19th century
j) Wales was not part of the Kingdom of England until 1287.
 
k) In 1706 Scotland was united to England.
 
l) In 1922 Ireland became a free state.
 
m) The current United Kingdom incorporates six Irish counties.
 
 
2. Match the pictures with the words in red appearing in the text: industrial, island, Scotland, Wales, world, Ireland