English is Confusing: -ing or -ed?.
Look at these sentences:
- The movie we saw yesterday evening was boring. We were all bored.
- Doing yoga is very relaxing. When you do it, you feel relaxed.
Read the text. Fill in the blanks.
“Good evening, everybody!” said the teacher, Donna. “Where is everybody?” That was sort of a joke by Donna. Usually the class started with only two or three students present, and then filled up as the minutes went by. It was summertime. Summer school was only eight weeks long. Class was always smaller than during fall and spring semesters.
“I don’t know, teacher. Maybe they late or no come,” said one student. “Maybe watching TV football tonight.”
“Is there a soccer game tonight? It seems like there’s a soccer game every night. Oh, well. Let’s get , okay? We’re on page 36 in the workbook. Tonight we’re participles as adjectives. Students are always confused when they learn about the present and past participles, so we will practice this a lot. Tonight, we’re just going to practice the present participle.
“The present participle tells what emotion or feeling the subject is causing. For example, ‘Grammar is boring’ means that the subject - grammar - causes an emotion of boredom. If we say, ‘The movie is interesting,’ we are saying that the movie causes a feeling of interest. If we say, ‘The roller coaster is exciting,’ we are saying that the roller coaster causes a feeling of excitement. questions so far? Am I confusing you? Is everyone confused?”
The classroom was . Donna looked at blank faces. They were . She knew this would take a while. But eventually, the faster students would grasp it, and then they would help the slower students. By the end of the evening, most of the class would feel comfortable using the present participle.
Donna the board and put some new examples on it. She loved guiding her students difficult topics like this one. She always felt a little bit thrilled when the look of understanding came to their faces.
Do the exercise: -ing or -ed?
1. I studied hard for my exams but I didn't do very well. I was very .
2. The difference between the words 'borrow' and 'lend' is .
3. Studying can be very .
4. A friend of mine collects coins and wanted to show them to me, but I told him I wasn't .
5. I was very when my girlfriend forgot our dinner date.
6. The fact that so more and more teens are taking drugs is .
7. Riding a rollercoaster is .
8. My parents were when my sister didn't come home on time last night.
9. Liverpool has had a season so far this year.
10. I heard some really news yesterday.
11. It's very when people don't listen when you're tlaking to them.
12. Mr Jones is the most teacher I've ever had.
13. I was completely after running the London marathon.
14. My parents were when I told them I didn't want to become a doctor.
15. T think the octopus is the most creature in the ocean.