English Exercises > subjunctives exercises

Subjuntive - Is it ok to say

Downloadable worksheets:
I WISH - - IF ONLY
Level: intermediate
Age: 12-17
Downloads: 971

 
WISH CLAUSES: THEORY AND EXERCISES (FILL IN AND REWRITE) KEY INCLUDED
Level: intermediate
Age: 14-17
Downloads: 837

 
Wish - Would Rather - It´s time + unreal past / infinitive - 3 pages
Level: intermediate
Age: 12-17
Downloads: 640

 
WISH / IF ONLY + PAST SIMPLE
Level: elementary
Age: 12-14
Downloads: 571

 
WHAT DO THEY WISH FOR?
Level: intermediate
Age: 12-17
Downloads: 556

 
I WISH - IF ONLY - AS IF
Level: advanced
Age: 14-17
Downloads: 450

 

Subjunctive - Is it ok to say, "If I were you?"
The subjunctive is a relatively rare verb form. It is more common in US English than in UK English, where should + infinitive is often used
How to use the Subjunctive:
We use subjunctives when talking about events that are not certain to happen, e.g. we use the subjunctive when talking about events that someone:
  • wants to happen
  • hopes will happen
  • imagines happening
Look at these examples:
  • The principal requests that you be present at the meeting.
  • It is vital that you be present at the meeting.
  • If you were at the meeting, the principal would be happy.
The subjunctive is typically used after two structures:
  • the verbs: ask, command, demand, insist, propose, recommend, request, suggest + that
  • the expressions: it is desirable, essential, important, necessary, vital + that
Notice that in these structures the subjunctive is always the same. It does not matter whether the sentence is past or present. Look at these examples:
  • Present: The President requests that they stop the occupation.
  • Past: The President requested that they stop the occupation.
  • Present: It is essential that she be present.
  • Past: It was essential that she be present.
We usually use the subjunctive were instead of "was" after if (and other words with similar meaning). Look at these sentences:
  • If I were you, I would ask her.
  • Suppose she were here. What would you say?

 
Subjunctive Quiz:
  1. It is essential that she  at the meeting.
  2. If I  you I would call her tonight.
  3. It is necessary that every student  a uniform.
  4. I hope that he  his homework on time.
  5. The doctors recommended that she  a vacation.
  6. The boss asks that you  early for your first day of work.
  7. If you  feeling better we would go.
  8. It is important that we  home as soon as we arrive.
  9. The landlord requested that John  out of the apartment.
  10. We want the windows  washed before Friday.