English Exercises > reported speech exercises

Reported Speech / First Of All (Author-Bouabdellah)

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Technicum Si-Tarek of Relizane
Second / Third Year Pupils - Scientific Streams
Reference sheet –I-
Reported Speech

PART ONE: UNDERSTAND THE RULES
 
Try to complete the example to check if you understood the rule

 

I-The two most common reporting verbs are “say” and “tell”. They are usually in the past simple.
 
a) We use say (=past simple) + < , >(direct) / that (indirect) + reported clause.

He  ,I am going out with Jane this night.” (DIRECT)
                          
     Reported clause     
                               
    * He  that he was going out with Jane that night. (INDIRECT)
 
b) We use tell (=past simple) + object pronoun + < , >(direct) / that (indirect) + reported clause.

He  me , I am going out with Jane that night.”  (DIRECT)
                                
     Reported clause       
                                       
He   that he was going out with Jane that night. (INDIRECT)


II-If the sentence starts in the present, there is no change of tenses in reported speech. 
Example:
DIRECT : Susan: "I work in an office." (=present simple)
INDIRECT :  Susan says that she  in an office. (=present simple)
 

 
III-If the sentence starts in the past, we always change the tenses in reported speech. (See: Table)
* Example:
DIRECT : Susan: "I work in an office." (=present simple)
INDIRECT :  Susan said that she in an office. (=past simple)
 
     Examples of change in tenses
DIRECT
INDIRECT
Peter said , "I work in the garden."
Cool Present simple
Peter said that he  in the garden.
Thumbs Up Past simple
Peter said , "I worked in the garden."
Cool past simple
 
Peter said that he in the garden.
 
Thumbs Up Past perfect simple
Peter said , "I have worked in the garden."
Cool Present perfect simple
Peter said , "I had worked in the garden."
Cool Past perfect simple
Peter said , "I will work in the garden."
Peter said that he in the garden.
Peter said , "I can work in the garden."
Peter said that he in the garden.
Peter said , "I may work in the garden."
Peter said that he  in the garden
Peter said , "I would work in the garden."
Cool(could, might, should, ought to)
Peter said that he in the garden.
Thumbs Up(could, might, should, ought to)
Peter said , "I'm working in the garden."
Cool Present continuous
Peter said that he  in the garden.
Thumbs Up Past continuous
Peter said , "I was working in the garden."
Cool Past continuous
 
Peter said that he in the garden.
 
Thumbs Up Past perfect continuous
Peter said , "I have been working in the garden."
Cool Present perfect continuous
Peter said , "I had been working in the garden."
Cool Past perfect continuous

IV-If the sentence contains an expression of time, place or a demonstrative, you must change it as well.
Example:
   DIRECT : Peter said , "I worked in the garden yesterday."
   INDIRECT :  Peter said that he had worked in the garden the day before/the previous day.
 
Examples of change in adverbials & demonstratives
DIRECT
INDIRECT
Cool (evening/afternoon/...)
Thumbs Up that (evening/afternoon/...)
Cool today/this day
Thumbs Up  day
Cool  (days/weeks/...)
Thumbs Up those (days/weeks/...)
Cool now
Thumbs Up then/at  moment
Cool (a/two... week(s)/month(s)...) ago
Thumbs Up (the/two.. week(s)/month(s)...)
Cool last weekend/year...
Thumbs Up  weekend/year/... before
Thumbs Up the weekend/year...
Cool next (week/year/...)
Thumbs Up the (week/year/...)
Thumbs Up the weekend/year/... after
Cool 
Thumbs Up the next/following day
Thumbs Up the day
Cool 
Thumbs Up there (=place)
Cool /that (book/car/table...)
Thumbs Up the/that (book/car/table...)
Cool these/those (books/car/tables...)
Thumbs Up /those (books/car/tables...)
 

  
C V-We use ‘ask’, ‘want to know’ or ‘wondered’ to report questions. We change the interrogative form to the affirmative form, and we put the subject before the verb.
Example:
   DIRECT : Where are you?” he asked
   INDIRECT :  He wanted to know Where I was.
 

 
VI- A “yes/no” question is reported by ‘if’ or ‘whether’.
Example:
DIRECT : She asked me, “Can I borrow your bike?
INDIRECT :  She wondered if / whether she could borrow my bike.
 

 
VII-We use ‘told / asked’ + object + (not) to + infinitive to report orders, commands  or requests.
Example:
a) DIRECT : Peter asked, “Please help me”.     =request
INDIRECT :  He asked her to help him.
 
b) DIRECT :  Don’t shout at me,” the girl told her brother.    =command
INDIRECT :  She told him not to shout at her.
 

 
PART TWO: Now do it by yourself
 
Try to do the following activities to check your understanding.
 
1) Rewrite the questions in reported speech.
Question Q.1. ‘Will the flight be delayed?’
Jill wanted to know  .
Question Q.2. ‘Where have you been all night?’
My parents wanted to know  .
Question Q.3. ‘Will I pass my exam?’
Mark wondered  .
Question Q.4. ‘Did you remember the invitations?’
Sue asked me  .
Question Q.5. ‘How long have you been learning German?’
Karl asked us .
 
2) Rewrite the commands in reported speech.
remember: ‘Keep to the left,’
   The police officer told the cyclist to keep to the left.
 
Question Q.6. ‘Please don’t smoke in this area.’
The waitress asked them .
Question Q.7. ‘Sit down and be quiet.’
The teacher told the class .
Question Q.8. ‘Don’t forget to post the letter.’
Jane told her boyfriend .
Question Q.9. ‘Don’t talk during the exam.’
The examiner told us .
Question Q.10. ‘Please switch off your mobile phone.’
The air hostess asked him .
 
3) Rewrite the sentences in reported speech.
Question Q.11.‘She goes out with her friends every night.’
Sue’s father said that  .
Question Q.12.‘I bought the tickets yesterday.’
She said that  .
Question Q.13.‘They’re going to Florida next week.’
Tim told me that  .
Question Q.14.‘He won’t be in the office tomorrow.’
The secretary said that  .
Question Q.15.‘Jenny has passed her driving test.’
Jenny’s brother told me that  .
Question Q.16. ‘Carl might come to the football match this afternoon.’
He told me that  .
 

 
4) Read the interview, then complete the summary.
 
Interviewer : I hear you have a very unusual job.
Mr Fogarty: That’s right.
Interviewer : So what do you do?
Mr Fogarty: Well, I’m investigating the Loch Ness monster. Every day I go to Loch Ness and wait for the monster to appear.
Interviewer : And have you ever seen the monster?
Mr Fogarty: Yes, I have. It was very foggy and I tried to take a photograph, but unfortunately my camera didn’t work.
Interviewer : Do you think you’ll see it again?
Mr Fogarty: I might see it again if I’m lucky.
Interviewer : And what do people think about your job?
Mr Fogarty: Many people think it’s a strange job to have. They don’t believe in the Loch Ness monster, but I know it’s out there somewhere.
 
SUMMARY
 
The interviewer asked Mr Fogarty what he did. He explained that he was investigating the Loch Ness Monster. He said that every day he 17to Loch Ness and 18 for the monster to appear. He claimed that he 19 the monster. He said that it 20 very foggy and he 21 to take a photograph, but unfortunately his camera 22. He said that he 23 it again if he 24 lucky. He admitted that many people 25 his job was strange. He said that they 26 in the Loch Ness monster, but he 27 it was out there somewhere.