English Exercises > general vocabulary exercises

Crime and Punishment - The Justice System




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Crossword Puzzle
1 2
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3 2 4
5
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7 4 8
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9 6
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8

��������� Across

  1. to decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime
  2. proof that someone was not where a crime happened and therefore could not have done it
  3. a person who tells a court of law what they know about a legal case
  4. to state in a court of law whether you are guilty of a crime or not
  5. a group of people who examine all the facts of a case in court and decide whether someone is guilty or not
  6. a place where trials and other legal cases happen, or the people there who decide whether someone is guilty
  7. a person in a law case who is accused of doing something illegal
  8. a period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison
��������� Down
  1. an official statement made by the police saying that someone is accused of a crime
  2. the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent
  3. a sum of money given to a law court so that someone can stay out of prison until their trial
  4. a case that a person or organization brings to a court of law to be decided
  5. an official decision made in a court of law, especially about whether someone is guilty of a crime
  6. to make a legal claim for money against a person or organization because they have harmed you
  7. a public official who makes decisions in a court of law
  8. responsible for committing a crime
  9. an amount of money that has to be paid as a punishment for breaking the law

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Matching exercise
Match the words on the left with the definitions on the right. Put the correct letter into the box next to each word.
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1
prosecution (n)
a
a public official who makes decisions in a court of law
2
release (v) �
b
a group of people who examine all the facts of a case in court and decide whether someone is guilty or not
3
plead (v)
c
the lawyers who try to prove in a court of law that someone is not guilty of a crime
4
verdict (n)
d
the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent
5
witness (n)
e
an official decision made in a court of law, especially about whether someone is guilty of a crime
6
jury (n)
f
a person who tells a court of law what they know about a legal case
7
sentence (v)
g
a person in a law case who is accused of doing something illegal
8
defence (n)
h
a formal statement saying that something is true, especially one given in a court of law
9
bail (n)
i
an official statement made by the police saying that someone is accused of a crime
10
trial (n)
j
the lawyers who try to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime
11
judge (n)
k
to state in a court of law whether you are guilty of a crime or not
12
defendant (n)
l
to decide and say officially what someone�s punishment will be
13
guilty (adj)
m
to let someone go free
14
charge (n)
n
responsible for committing a crime
15
testimony (n)
o
a sum of money given to a law court so that someone can stay out of prison until their trial
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Cloze exercise
Read the following text carefully and complete each gap with a word from the previous (matching) exercise in the correct form.

Criminal trial process

The process of a criminal �starts when an individual is arrested. Within 2 to 48 hours of the arrest, the defendant must be informed of the charges against him. If the �is not murder, bail will be set. The �will then be notified of when and where to appear next, then will be allowed to leave if �has been set. If the defendant does not �guilty, and instead states he is not , the case will move onto the trial phase. First a jury is selected and the opening statements are heard. Next, the �and the defence will call their witnesses to give . The witnesses for the prosecution are called first. The �is permitted to cross-examine each �in an attempt to disprove the witness�s statements. After both sides have presented their evidence, the attorneys are given the opportunity to make a final argument to the jury. At this point, the �will give closing instructions to the jury on how to proceed. The �then retires from the courtroom to consider the case in secret. When they reach a decision, the jury returns to the courtroom and announces the . If the verdict is not guilty, the defendant is . If he is found guilty, the judge will decide upon a �that the defendant must serve.
(text abridged and adapted from http://www.essortment.com/all/criminaltrialp_rmga.htm�)
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