DEFINING & NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
DEFINING RELATIVE PRONOUNS (KEY INCLUDED)
Relative Pronouns: Who- Which- That
Relative Pronouns(+ Key)
1. Read the grammar reference:
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
Give information that is
for the full meaning of the sentence.
: The boy
who won the prize
was really happy about it. (essential information to recognize the subject)
In some cases, when the relative pronoun is followed by a noun, we can
Give extra information that is
for the sentence.
: My grandfather,
who is eighty years old
, goes jogging every morning. (extra information. It's separated by commas)
2. Join the sentences with a relative pronoun (who, which, whose) as shown in the example. Use commas where necessary:
The boy was happy. He won the competition.
The boy who won the competition was happy.
a) The girl bought two tickets. She was standing in front of me.
b) William lost his wallet in the supermarket. He's very absent-minded.
c) That's the book. It won the Booker Prize last year.
d) Those are the girls. They didn't do their homework.
e) My neighbour looks very sad. Her husband died last month.
f) This is the CD. It was on sale yesterday.
g) Diane is looking for a job. She was made redundant last week.
h) That book collection is really interesting. It's about a young witch.
3. Choose the correct
a) Those are the books
John recommended me
that John recommend
which recommended John
b) Can you tell me
where is the train station?
where the train station is?
who is the train station?
c) Those are the girls
who told you about
I told you about
that told you about
who sister works with me
who his sister works with me
whose sister works with me
, has applied for a job in our company.
e) My dog,
which is really nice and friendly
that really nice and friendly is
is really nice and friendly
, is six years old.
f) Our first daughter,
who she was born in 2009
who was born in 2009
that she was born in 2009
, is starting school this year.
g) Those are the trousers
which wanted to buy
I wanted to buy
that I wanted buy
h) This is the village
which I used to spend my summer holidays
that I used to spend my summer holidays
where I used to spend my summer holidays
Join the sentences and omit the relative where
a) That's the old lady. She inherited a fortune.
b) Those are the boys. I told you about them.
c) These are the books. David lent me these books.
d) Josh works hard. He wants to study Medicine.
e) 2009 is the year. We met that year.