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Final test 2007 (Okruzno takmicenje 2007)




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READING COMPREHENSION - TEXT

 

 

          From the top of ice mountains where winds can reach 200 miles per hour, the panoramic landscape looks wonderful. On the other hand, the scene of cold, “white desert”, even at the height of summer, warns of completely unfriendly surroundings to life. This is Antarctica, the continent where temperatures can be 85 degrees below zero – the only wild continent on the Earth.

         

          The view from the hilltop overlooking McMurdo Straits (narrow sea), on the eastern side of Antarctica, give out an illusion – no life anywhere around. A closer look at the seemingly lifeless land and seascape uncovers an amazing variety of life. The narrow sea is filled with plankton and fish. And its thick ice has breathing holes made by seals. Thousands of penguins live there, as well and many other scavenger birds (that feed on dead organic matter). The ice itself is filled with bacteria and algae.
 

          There is another type of life going on all around Antarctica. The coast is dotted with rusty metal buildings, oil-storage tanks, garbage dumps – recognizable signs of human presence in this area. No fewer than sixteen nations have established bases on the only continent that belongs to the whole world. They were sent there for scientific research work, but they have become magnets for numerous tourists. Although the number of people who have visited the White Continent is rather small, the negative effects are not unimportant. The inhabitants of the bases have been evidently careless, often throwing wastes in ways that would be illegal at home.  They did it unnoticed until January 1987, when Greenpeace became the first nongovernmental organization to establish a permanent Antarctic base. They publicized dumping of untreated sewage into sea and burning of garbage on an open-air pit. Some tourists, though warned not to litter, leave behind film wrappers, water bottles, and cigarette butts. Plants and animals living on Antarctica have a limited area of only two percent that is ice-free for part of the year. That’s why going near wildlife habitats can frighten certain seabirds to break their feeding habits and reproductive behaviour. So the least populated continent is, paradoxically, overcrowded. Environmentalists fear that miner and oil drillers may not be far behind.

 
          After the oil crisis in l973 interest in mineral development, even in the harsh environment of Antarctica, became rather big. Anticipating the danger, representatives of twenty nations gathered in the capital of New Zealand in June l988 and the result was Wellington Convention. It forbids mineral exploitations or development without agreement by all treaty participants. People should protect Antarctica, for it may be the only place where human beings finally learn to live in harmony with nature.

 

  

 

Choose the most appropriate answer (a, b, c or d) in each of the eight tasks.

  1. The observer enjoyed

      the reality

      the view

      unusual colours

     summer weather

 

  1. Greenpeace is now … present on the “white desert”

     always

      sometimes

     rarely

     never

 

  1. The observer has

      The same attitude to the whole “white desert”

      Three opposite points of view on the whole “white desert”

      A scientific point of view on the whole “white desert”

     A common point of view on the whole “white desert”

 

  1. An agreement was founded to protect this continent for people

      to enjoy icy atmosphere

      to learn to live together in the seascape

      to look for energy resources

    to keep food supplies fresh

 

  1. The observer says that the people on the “white desert” do things they

     sometimes openly do at home

      always do at home

      never do in public at home

     are told not to do at home

 

  1. The agreement was initiated by the people who

     planned to do oil investigations

      feared the greed for money could destroy the Continent

      suddenly saw the ice beauty

     wanted to organize tours to the Continent.

 

  1. The observer states that the “white desert”

      is overpopulated

      has many visitors

      has a regular population

     is not visited at all

 

    8.   The observer points out that

            human presence doesn’t harm animals

            human presence should be controlled

            human presence should be free

            human presence should be forbidden

 

 

GRAMMAR TEST

 

 

 

A.  Fill in the gaps with one of these words: on, the, in, a, by, at, an, for, of or to. Put a *

      where no word is necessary. You can use the same word several times if it makes sense.

 

1. I can never remember  names.

 

2. I usually listen   news while I’m having  lunch.

 

3. Last year we had  wonderful holiday  the south of  Wales.

 

4. We went   hotel  foot after midnight.

 

 

 

B. Find the mistakes and write acceptable forms in the column next to the sentence. Don’t change the order of the words and don’t add new words.

 

mistake

acceptable form

1. They have lunch at the moment.

2. Will I take the bag for you?

3. I do an interesting work from time to time but it’s hard work

4. Can you make me a favour?

5. I’m sitting, am not I?

6. They warmly wellcame the guests yesterday.

7. You mustn’t write the speech now, the meeting is next week.

8. Paul speaks very well English.

9. There isn’t many news in the paper today.

10. She works hardly and makes excellent success.

 

C. Choose a), b), c) or d).

 

  1. I … to Edinburgh several times.

was                         have been                am                        went

 

  1. She prefers … TV to … to the radio.

watch / listen           to watch/to listen      watching/listening    to watch/listening

 

  1. What is it that somebody … before you can get it?

has to take               could to take           ought take               have to take

 

  1. How long … you to get home?

it takes                     takes it                  does it take              has it taking

 

  1. They haven’t … up their mind yet.

taken                       made                      thought                   got

 

  1. A policeman caught two … and took them to the police station.

thief                        thiefs                     thieves                    thiefes

 

  1. Our neighbours get in the stadium admission free. It means they…

can shout and cheer.      can clap their hands.     go together.     don’t pay.

 

  1. Watch …! They are cutting the tree.

about                      at                           down                     out

 

  1. We all look forward to … you next week.

have met                 meet                      met                        meeting

 

  1. My … knowledge comes from our home library which is very rich.

the best                  best                        better                      goodest