READING COMPREHENSION TEST
A fiction writer is a person who invents stories.
Charles Dickens found it easy. At the age of twenty-four, he simply sat down and wrote Pickwick Papers, which became an immediate best-seller. But Dickens was a genius, and geniuses are different from the rest of us.
In this century (it was not always so in the last one), just about every single writer who has finally become successful in the world of fiction has started out in some other job - a schoolteacher, perhaps, or a doctor or a journalist or a lawyer. (Alice in Wonderland was written by a mathematician, and The Wind in the Willows by a civil servant.) The first attempts at writing have therefore always had to be done in spare time, usually at night.
The reason for this is obvious. 'When you are adult, it is necessary to earn living. To earn a living, you must get a job. You must if possible get a job that guarantees you so much money a week. But however much you may want to take up fiction writing as a career, it would be pointless to go along to a publisher and say, "I want a job as a fiction writer." If you did that, he would tell you to buzz off and write the book first. And even if you brought a finished book to him and he liked it well enough to publish it, he still wouldn't give you a job. He would give you an advance of perhaps five hundred pounds, which he would get back again later by deducting it from your royalties. (A royalty, by the way, is the money that a writer gets from the publisher for each copy of his book that is sold. The average royalty a writer gets is ten per cent of the price of the book itself in the book shop. Thus, for a book selling at four pounds, the writer would get forty pence. For a paperback selling at fifty pence, he would get five pence.)
It is very common for a hopeful fiction writer to spend two years of his spare time writing a book which no publisher will publish. For that he gets nothing at all except a sense of frustration.
If he is fortunate enough to have a book accepted by a publisher, the odds are that as a first novel it will in the end sell only about three thousand copies. That will earn him maybe a thousand pounds. Most novels take at least one year to write, and one thousand pounds a year is not enough to live on these days. So you can see why a budding fiction writer invariably has to start out in another job first of all. If he doesn't, he will almost certainly starve.
(Taken from "Lucky Break" by Roald Dahl)
CHOOSE THE MOST APPROPRIATE OPTION
makes up stories
writes about inventions
writes about things that have happened in real life
must be a genius
5. Fiction writers can expect:
no money from the publishers at all
the royal family to take some money from them afterwards
their book not to be published after all
to earn some money after all
2. According to the author:
to be a fiction writer, you have to find another job as well
all successful writers have another job
skillful writers create their novels at night
writers-beginners have always had to write in their free time
6. Publishers accept a book by a new writer:
if the writer is lucky enough
only if the writer has a large fortune
from time to time
3. According to the author:
Lawyers and journalists write good novels easily
Charles Dickens became a-full-time professional fiction writer easily
Charles Dickens, easily collected some papers and made a story
Mathematicians can write stories for children easily
7. With his first novel, a fiction writer:
can rarely earn enough for his living
can earn enough only for one year of living
can earn only ten per cent of the book price
can earn just five hundred pounds
4. Generally speaking, publishers:
rarely give jobs to anyone
dislike new writers
can guarantee the writer some money a week
usually judge a book on the basis of their own opinion
8. Being a budding fiction writer is:
the most stressful job
a job which requires patience, lively imagination and usually another job
a well-paid job of thousands of pounds a year
a frustrating job
I Choose the correct option:
1. I prefer swimming __________ skiing.
of from to than
2. As soon as she heard the question she _________ her hand.
rose has risen rise raised
3. Please, help ___________ to the biscuits! I know you all like them.
you yourself yourselves yours
4. The charity was raised to help ________ poor in the town.
a Ø an the
5. She has_____ chicken for dinner.
some any a the
6 . _______ you love that kind of music or you hate it.
Or Either Nor Neither
7. She has just ________ the table waiting for the guests to arrive.
lain laid lied lay
8. There are ____________ theatres than cinemas in the city.
few less fewer little
II Report the following dialogue:
Tim: "Why do you need mine?"
Emily: Do you always ask such silly questions? Mine is out of order."
Emily tells Tim .
Tim wants to know .
Emily asks .
and then she says .
III Complete the text with the correct form/tense of the verbs given below:
IV Rewrite the dialogue using the correct forms of the words in brackets:
Harry: You (go) on holiday at Easter?
Sally: Yes, but we (not book) it yet. What about you?
Harry: We (rent) already a cottage near Edinburgh. I (buy) the train tickets yesterday.
V Find one mistake in each of the following sentences, write it on the left and then write the correct form on the right:
2. No news are good news. ->
3. She is very interesting in astronomy. ->
4. He always goes on feet to the centre of the town. ->
LAAS PRE-A1 MAY 2017v2
LAAS A1 MAY 2017
LAAS FIRST STEP MAY 2017