PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE PAST?

PRESENT PERFECT -áThis tenseálooks in the present at actions completed in the past - soáthere is always some kind ofáconnection with the present.
a)áRECENT PAST ACTIONS -ááfor recently finishedápast actionsáwhose results are still visible in the present - "Look! The taxi has (just) arrived." (the taxi is probably still parked outside).
b) GENERAL PAST EXPERIENCES - for actions which happened in an indefinite time (we are not interested in when, but in the action itself) - "Have you ever been to New York?" - No, but I have been to Washington."
c) UNFINISHEDáACTIONS - for actions which started in the past but which continue up to the present moment - "I have lived here since 1998." (and I will continue to live here).
SIMPLE PAST - This tense refers to a specific occasion in the past and to the details of what happened - so it is a completely finished past action with no connection with the present - "I went to Disneyland last year." - "Really? Did you like it?" (it tells us when something happened - so unlike the Present Perfect it is a definite past).
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PRACTISE
a) Read and choose the correct alternative:
á1. He áfor the lift for over 10 minutes.
2. áany gold yet? - Yes, he has.
3. Richard áthe tickets for "Avatar" yesterday.
4. He stillááa shower.
5.áMy football team áthe cup twice so far.
6. The alarm clock at 7 a.m.
7. Kevin áthe school bus last Monday.
8. I áámy paperwork.
9.ááa lot of pictures when you visited Paris?
10.áHe ááUnited'sábest football player in 2008.
á
b) Read and complete the sentences with either the Present Perfect or the Simple Past of the verbs in brackets:
1. I á(not go)to school last week becauseáI á(be) sick.
2. Paul á(just/start)reading a new book.
3. He á(never/eat)áásuch delicious cookies.
4. Michael á(drink)átoo much last night.
5. á(you/ever/be)álate for school?
6. Iáá(already/do)the laundry. Now I need to do some ironing.
7.áá(they/wash)áátheir father's car on Sunday?
8. I á(arrive)ááfrom Italy yesterday morning.
9. Linda's husband only á(leave)á5 minutes ago and she already misses him.
10.áSaraháá(work)in this company since she was very young.
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c) Find in the grid and in any direction the missing verb forms and fill in the table.
1. begin - á- begunááááááááááá 2. break - broke -
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3. á- built - builtáááááááááááá 4. choose - chose -
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5. come - á- comeáááááááááááááá 6. do - did -
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7. drive - á- drivenááááááááááá8. á- felt - felt
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9. forget - forgot - áááá10. á- gave - given
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11. go - went - áááááááááááááááááá12. know - á- known
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13. make - á- madeááááááááááááá14. á- met - met
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15. say - said - áááááááááááááááá 16. see - saw -
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17. sell - á- soldáááááááááááááááá 18. á- slept - slept
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