PRESENT PERFECT -áThis tenseálooks in the present at actions completed in the past - soáthere is always some kind ofáconnection with the present.
a)áRECENT PAST ACTIONS -ááfor recently finishedápast actionsáwhose results are still visible in the present - "Look! The taxi has (just) arrived." (the taxi is probably still parked outside).
b) GENERAL PAST EXPERIENCES - for actions which happened in an indefinite time (we are not interested in when, but in the action itself) - "Have you ever been to New York?" - No, but I have been to Washington."
c) UNFINISHEDáACTIONS - for actions which started in the past but which continue up to the present moment - "I have lived here since 1998." (and I will continue to live here).
SIMPLE PAST - This tense refers to a specific occasion in the past and to the details of what happened - so it is a completely finished past action with no connection with the present - "I went to Disneyland last year." - "Really? Did you like it?" (it tells us when something happened - so unlike the Present Perfect it is a definite past).
a) Read and choose the correct alternative:
á1. He áfor the lift for over 10 minutes.
2. áany gold yet? - Yes, he has.
3. Richard áthe tickets for "Avatar" yesterday.
4. He stillááa shower.
5.áMy football team áthe cup twice so far.
6. The alarm clock at 7 a.m.
7. Kevin áthe school bus last Monday.
8. I áámy paperwork.
9.ááa lot of pictures when you visited Paris?
10.áHe ááUnited'sábest football player in 2008.
b) Read and complete the sentences with either the Present Perfect or the Simple Past of the verbs in brackets:
1. I á(not go)to school last week becauseáI á(be) sick.
2. Paul á(just/start)reading a new book.
3. He á(never/eat)áásuch delicious cookies.
4. Michael á(drink)átoo much last night.
5. á(you/ever/be)álate for school?
6. Iáá(already/do)the laundry. Now I need to do some ironing.
7.áá(they/wash)áátheir father's car on Sunday?
8. I á(arrive)ááfrom Italy yesterday morning.
9. Linda's husband only á(leave)á5 minutes ago and she already misses him.
10.áSaraháá(work)in this company since she was very young.
c) Find in the grid and in any direction the missing verb forms and fill in the table.
1. begin - á- begunááááááááááá 2. break - broke -
3. á- built - builtáááááááááááá 4. choose - chose -
5. come - á- comeáááááááááááááá 6. do - did -
7. drive - á- drivenááááááááááá8. á- felt - felt
9. forget - forgot - áááá10. á- gave - given
11. go - went - áááááááááááááááááá12. know - á- known
13. make - á- madeááááááááááááá14. á- met - met
15. say - said - áááááááááááááááá 16. see - saw -
17. sell - á- soldáááááááááááááááá 18. á- slept - slept






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