PREFIXES and SUFFIXES create new words, usually by modifying or changing the meaning of a ROOT WORD.If we take a root word like EMPLOY (verb) or HAPPY (adjective), we can see how their meaning changes.
*UN + employ + ED = UNEMPLOYED (the verb becomes an adjective with a negative meaning)
* happy + NESS = HAPPINESS (the adjective becomes a noun)
Pay attention to changes in SPELLING: – “y” often becomes “i” / final “e” often disappears (…)
1. PREFIXES like DIS/IN/IM/IR/UN/IL/MIS are used to give an opposite/negative meaning to a word.
Task: Find the opposites of the words on the right and write them down.
2. SUFFIXES can be used to form a verb, a noun, an adjective and an adverb.
*dark (adjective) + ness = darkness (noun)
*strength (noun) + en = strengthen (verb)
*probable (adjective) + (l)y = probably (adverb)
*glory (noun) + ous = glorious (adjective)
Task: Link the verbs with their correct suffix to form NOUNS and write them down. Follow the example and be careful with the spelling.
Task: Add a PREFIX and/or SUFFIX to the words below and put them in the correct sentence. In brackets you'll find some information on the parts of speech to use.
PROBABLE COMMUNICATE AGREE CURIOUS ANGER HEALTH
RESPONSIBLE FAME HELP LIKE CAREFUL CONCLUDE